Word on Set (Part 3: S-Z)

July 24, 2016

S

 

Scene Chewing: When an actor is over the top and dominates the screen. 

 

Screen Test: Form of an audition, when the actor is on camera. 

 

Screening: The viewing of a movie. 

 

Screenplay: The written-out script that will be produced into the film. 

 

Screenwriter: The writer who either adapts a former production or writes their own screenplay. 

 

Second Team: Stand-ins for first team. Stand-ins run the scene for lighting and camera, while the first team continues through hair, make-up, and wardrobe. 

 

Sequel: A subsequent installment of a movie, following the style of the original film and featuring the same actors or situations established in the initial installment in the series. 

 

Series: A sequence of films that contains the same characters and contains the same themes. 

 

Set: An environment used for filming, whether on stage or on location. 

 

Siny Board: A grip reflector used for reaiming sunlight to provide a key or fill light. 

 

Shooting Script: Script used by the crew shooting the movie. 

 

Short Subject: A movie that has a length shorter than 45 minutes. 

 

Shot List: Director created list given to the film crew of all the shots to be filmed for that day. 

 

Slate: A small board which holds information identifying a shot. It is filmed at the beginning of a take, and when running sound, makes a clapping noise to since the sound and picture. 

 

Speed: Called by the Camera Op and Sound Mixer to confirm each recorder is rolling and ready to record. 

Storyboard: Sequence of hand drawn or computer generated pictures created to visually describe each scene in the film or commercial. 

 

Steppage: When more than one person speaks over the walkie talkie at the same time causing nothing but static. 

T

 

Take: One continuously recorded scene, from the call for “Action!” to the call for “Cut!” 

 

Talent: Term used to indicate actors or extras. 

 

Talkie: Older term to indicate films with dialogue compared to silent films made in the 1920’s and early 1930’s. 

 

Teaser Trailer: A short edited preview of a movie designed to create interest in the project, typically released in 

the months/weeks before the film is released. 

 

Telecine: Transferring moving images from film to a video signal. 

 

Teleplay: Script written for television. 

 

Telewriter: A writer that either adapts a production for television or creates their own script for television. 

 

Tilt: Rotating the camera either up or down. 

 

Timecode: A time reference added to the film for edits. 

 

Turnaround: The camera will be shooting from the opposite angle or a project thought to be ready for production goes back into development. 

 

Treatment: An abridged script, longer than a synopsis, that consists of a summary of each major scene of a proposed movie and descriptions of the significant characters. 

 

Trilogy: A movie series that includes only 3 films. 

 

U

 

Undercranking: The process of slowing the frame rate, so when played at normal speed the action appears fast. 

V

 

Video Village: The area in which viewing monitors are placed for directors and other production personnel. 

 

Visual Effects: Additions to a film’s image during post production, typically done using computer software. 

 

Voice Over: When the speaker is not shown, but their dialogue is used in the film.

W

 

Walk On: Small role, usually with no dialogue. 

 

Walkie Check: Indicates someone is checking to see their walkie-talkie is functioning. “Good check,” is how you answer. 

 

Walla Walla: Recorded conversations used in the background of a scene, for instance the blurred together conversations you hear in a crowded restaurant while dining out. 

 

Watch Your Back: A warning said by anyone coming though or around the set with an object that could potentially hit someone, like hot points. 

 

Western: Movie genre that takes place during the “wild west”. 

 

Whip Pan: A camera technique and the term used to describe a rapid pan to the left or right. 

 

Wipe: An editing transition when the first clip is overlaid with a second clip, which appears to “wipe in” from the left or right. 

 

Wrap: The time period after shooting is done for the day, where crew members pack away their equipment. It is also the term for the end of the project. 

 

Working Title: A title used during production, that will be changed once the film is released. 

X

 

Xerography: electrostatic process to make or transfer an image. 

Y

 

Yarn: A term used to describe an apocryphal story. 

Z

 

Zoom: A camera technique for changing the focal distance of the lens, to bring action closer to the viewer. 

 

Zoopraxis: A movie process used in the 1870’s, which involves images rotated in front of a light source to create the perception of the objects moving. 

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